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Electrical safety at home

  • Occasionally inspect the condition of the electrical system in your home
  • Electrical work at home
  • Advice for electrical equipment for everyday use
Elektriõnnetuse korral


Home electrical safety

Nowadays we take electricity for granted and we benefit from it in our daily lives. Ignorance, carelessness or a lack of attention with electricity can cause serious accidents and can lead to fire, injury or death. It is very important that you know how to use electrical appliances safely and what to do if there is an electrical breakdown and that you re-read the rules from time to time.

Maintaining your home electricity system

The electricity system or electrical installation which belongs to the customer starts after the connection point, and the owner is responsible for making sure that it complies with standards and is safe. You do not have to have domestic electrical installations inspected, but we recommend you inspect your home electrical installation regularly for safety to guarantee that your electrical appliances are working properly.

  • Regular inspection

    Ask a qualified and authorised company to inspect the condition of the electrical system in your home occasionally. If you start to use more home electrical appliances at the same time or if your electricity consumption increases significantly then you will need to inspect your home electrical system and update it if necessary

  • Get specialist help for electrical work

    Do not do electrical work yourself but only use electrical companies that are registered in the Register of Economic Activities. If you are doing a simple electrical job that anyone can do like changing a light bulb or a fuse, then switch off the electricity before you start. Do not change the way the electrical appliance is put together when you're fixing it because it could endanger your life if you put its protective or sealing components in the wrong places. Do not connect aluminium and copper wires without a special interface.

Suitable protection devices

Your electrical system needs to be protected by protection devices that work properly. For additional protection from electrical danger install a residual-current circuit breaker (RCCB). All sockets in living spaces have to be protected by fault current protection devices. You must not install sockets anywhere in rooms where water is used and we recommend consulting an expert to find the best solution.
More about protection devices »

Only connect plugs that are compatible with the sockets

You can only connect electrical appliances if their plugs are compatible with the sockets. It is dangerous to alter the design of a socket or a plug. When you pull a plug out make sure you hold the plug and not the wire as the wire might break and cause a short circuit. If you have small children, use sockets with safety covers or seal the sockets with socket sealers or hide them behind furniture.

Use a light bulb with the right wattage

The correct wattage for the light bulb is written on the light fixture. Using a light bulb that is too powerful can cause a fire! In bathrooms or outside you should only install damp-proof lighting with covers around the bulb. Do not cover lamps with highly flammable materials as this might cause a fire!

Use only one extension cord of the right length

Use only one extension cord of the right length because connecting several extension cords might cause the protective earthing connection to break. If you use an extension cord with multiple sockets then only connect appliances that consume less power to it..

Do not overload an old system during cold weather

Overloading the wiring system in old houses and apartment buildings where fuse blocks might not work correctly, may cause a fire. Overloading is common during cold weather when additional heaters are connected to the power supply. When the supply of electricity cuts out, first switch off the additional electric heater and only then switch on the electricity supply from the circuit breaker. NB! First make sure that all electricity protection devices are switched off.

  • How to use electrical appliances safely

    Advice for electrical equipment for everyday use.

More information
Electrical safety outside your home »
What to do if there is an Electrical Accident »
Electrical Safety ABC »
Electrical Safety »