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What to do if there is an Electrical Accident

  • Electrical Accident: Check List
  • Removing a Victim from a Live Circuit
  • First Aid
Elektriõnnetuse korral


Electrical Accident: Check List

Если случилось так, что кто-то получил удар электричеством, оказывающий ему помощь человек должен, прежде всего, позаботиться о своей собственной безопасности. Для спасения пострадавшего важно знать, произошел ли несчастный случай в домашних условиях (низкое напряжение) или на улице, где напряжение сети может быть средним или высоким.

  • Do not touch a person who is in a live circuit.
  • Disconnect the power supply as soon as possible.
  • Outside, you can use a wooden stick to push the accident victim off a wire only if you are sure it is a low voltage network. If you are not sure what type of network it is, call 112 and wait for help.
  • There is a danger of electric shock in a radius of eight metres from the place where a medium voltage network wire touches the ground; in damp conditions, for example if it is raining or if the grass is wet, the dangerous area is larger and can be up to 20 metres.
  • If there is an accident indoors you can use long dry wooden objects like a broomstick or a stool leg as insulators.
  • If people get hurt in an electrical accident, call the 112 emergency number immediately. When you have called for an ambulance and removed the person from the live circuit, give as much first aid as you can.
  • Removing a Victim from a Live Circuit at Home

    Remember that a victim remains electrically live as long as they are connected to a live circuit. Do not touch the person with your bare hands.

    First of all remove the victim from the live circuit by disconnecting the power supply as quickly as possible: pull the plug out of the socket, switch the device off or turn off the supply in the junction box, fuse block or main fuse of the building. Only then can you start helping the victim.

  • Removing a Victim from a Live Circuit Outdoors

    If someone gets caught in a live circuit of loose power lines, call the 112 emergency number immediately.

    High-voltage power lines (over 35 kV) switch off automatically if there is a fault, but the fuses of medium voltage networks (1–35 kV) do not switch off if the line is earthed, and so it remains live. The power supply can only be switched off at the substation, and untrained people must not come near the victim before that.

  • First Aid

    Following an electrical accident where people have been hurt, call the 112 emergency number immediately. You need to call for an ambulance right away because the condition of an electric shock victim can deteriorate rapidly.

    When the victim has been freed from the circuit, you need to diagnose their condition. You should check whether the victim is conscious and breathing and whether there is a clear pulse. After a weak electric shock the victim may be conscious, but seizures may make moving or speaking difficult. In the worst case the victim may be unconscious, and their breathing or heart may have stopped.

More information
Electrical safety at home »
Electrical safety outside your home »
Electrical Safety ABC »
Electrical Safety »